عنوان مقاله [English]
X-ray diffraction is a very practical and useful method for characterizing crystals, viruses, including influenza viruses, microscopic particles in biological sciences etc. So, X-ray diffraction is simulated and analyzed in the paper. The calculations are performed using the Green's function by written FORTRAN codes. Also, atoms in a crystal are proposed to be the same as circular apertures and diffraction patterns of square and triangular arrays are studied. In this approach the apertures represent the core of the crystal atoms, and the X-ray diffraction pattern is simulated by passing electromagnetic waves from these apertures. The results show that the general diffraction patterns are independent of the number of crystal atoms, so they can be used as a fingerprint to examine a variety of crystal structures. Also, the increase in the atoms sizes (atomic radius) leads to raise the intensity of the diffraction pattern. The increase in the crystal lattice constant reduces divergence and higher order diffraction patterns appear.
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